Wednesday, 5 July 2017

Richard Pearson FRAS looks at The Universe Today. Part 3: ‘Higher Dimensions

1910079_906859446066784_2805042830200598678_nBefore I begin this third Blog-post, I should point out that I am not a physicist like Brian Cox or Stephen Hawking, my background is one of physics and chemistry and I specialise in the subject of Cosmology. So what I am about to say may be completely wrong, it is my own personal theory about Dark Matter which we will call Richard Pearson Dark-Matter Theory (RPDMT) for short.

In the last article I said that we exist in a Now Moment, and everything in the Universe has there own ‘Now Moment’, and all Now Moments are relative to one another with regard to Time. Now Moments exist for a very tiny bit of time. 

In the state of Quantum superposition, atomic particles have no character and I consider that in front of all of us, there is nothing except atomic particles in a state of superposition. As we make decisions and choices that shape our future, and observations as we move into the future, these atomic particles change into the desired form shaping the world and Universe around us.

The opposite occurs at the exact same instant, in which atomic particles that formed our existence within our Now Moment, dissolves into a state of Quantum superposition. This means that we continually move forward into our future, although this would not be a smooth process without another physical effect, that of Quantum Entanglement.  These particles in a state of “Quantum Superposition” being composed of ‘strings’ that are in higher dimensions of level 10 and 11. This is necessary as all possible futures for all of us needs to be available to come into existence once we make observation(s) of our surroundings, and 50/50 chance decisions every micro-second of our existence.  The same is true in every other ‘Now Moment ‘throughout our Universe.

Therefore, the reason that physicists are unable to detect Dark Matter is because we are dealing with higher dimensions which area very difficult to detect, since we are 3 Dimensional beings and higher dimensions are beyond our comprehension. I think All of this will change once Gravitational Wave Astronomy advances sufficiently to allow us to detect  these Higher Dimensions.   

In the 1970s, String Theory was popular among physicists as it helped to explain the complex nature of atomic particles at the Quantum level, and to some degree the Planck length. As the mathematicians got to work on understanding strings it became apparent that there was something missing, strings are one-dimensional extended objects and only have length. They move through the background of space-time, while ripples on the string represent atomic particles, each one dependent upon the vibration of the string. String theory originates from the study of super-gravity along with super symmetry. It was established that there should be extra dimensions, eleven in total, that help to define the complex nature of the Universe along with each Now Moment introduced in chapter 3.

context_calabi-yau_manifoldThis led to P-Braine theory, or M(embrane) Theory, first introduced by Edward Witten at a string theory conference at the University of Southern California in the spring of 1995, and at Cambridge (UK) Professor Paul Townsend specialised in studying M Theory. P-brains have length in P directions, so a P=1 Brane is a string while a P=2 Brane is the surface of a membrane, and there can be nine additional aspects of P. Branes are dynamical objects which can propagate through space-time according to the rules of quantum mechanics. They can have mass and other attributes such as charge. A P-Brane sweeps out a (P+1)-dimensional volume in space-time called its world volume.

Here is a list of the extra dimensions along with their characteristics:

1. The first dimension is length, or x-axis—a straight line, with no other characteristics.

2. Height, or y-axis, can be added to the length to produce a two-dimensional object, such as a triangle or square.

3. Depth, or z-axis, can be added to the previous two dimensions to produce objects that have volume, like a cube, pyramid, or sphere. This is the end of the dimensions that are directly physically perceptible by human beings. All dimensions beyond the third are theoretical.

4. The fourth dimension is the position in time occupied by a three-dimensional object. In chapter three I refer to this as a Now Moment.

5. The fifth dimension is a world slightly different from ours, from which we could measure similarities and differences to our own world.

6. The sixth dimension is a plane containing all possible universes with the same start conditions as ours; I.e., the Big Bang.

7. The seventh dimension expands upon the sixth by plotting all possible worlds that begin with different start conditions.

8. A Plane of All Possible Worlds, Each with Different Start Conditions, Each Branching Out Infinitely.

9. All Possible Worlds, Starting with All Possible Start Conditions and Laws of Physics. (In each of these dimensions, which represent all possible start conditions, the laws of physics are all completely different).

10. Infinite Possibilities; At this level of complexity, everything that is possible and imaginable exists.

11. But the new 11th dimension is different from all the others, since it implies that strings can come in higher dimensional shapes called membranes, or “Branes” for short. These possess truly science-fiction-like qualities, since in principle they can be as large as the universe. A Brane can even be a universe or a parallel universe.

The first five dimensions are noticeable as they describe the Universe all around us, the laws of physics that astronomers use to understand exotic objects from stars to black holes, along with our existence on earth, and the advancement of modern technology. After these the remaining six dimensions are believed to be curled up so small that we don’t notice them. I personally believe that Dark Matter is made up of these  remaining Six Extra Dimensions.

Now please click on the ‘READ MORE’ Link below to continue reading this article in full. 

While UFO investigators are studying Unidentified Flying Object reports from witnesses who have witnessed strange lights in the sky, I believe that it is quite possible we are being visited by alien people who live in the fifth dimension. They would look no different to ourselves, except they would be able to survive traumatic accidents. Being struck by a fast-moving car for instance, or decapitation from being hit by a train. They would have the ability to perform invasive surgery without the need to make a cut with a scalpel. Fifth dimensional people live on a planet earth like ours with slightly different laws of physics. Such visitations would be by time travel, moving across from their Membrane to our own ‘Brane,’ rather than an alien spaceship. However, we are now tending to drift into the realms of science fiction which I am trying to avoid.

On a biological level, there is the Blue Brain Project, a campaign hoping to accurately recreate man’s most powerful tool by creating simulations of the brain and applied algebraic topology (an advanced form of mathematics), to create an accurate working model of the human brain. Researchers have found that the brain may also have eleven dimensions to help it analyse memories and store them away.

We are used to seeing the world in only three dimensions, so the astonishing claim would mean it would be forever incomprehensible to scientists. The mind has always been a mystery to scientists with experts understanding more about the universe than how our brains truly operate. If the new research is to be believed, it could put scientists’ understanding of the brain out of reach.

Speaking to the Daily Express newspaper (UK) in January 2017, Lead author Professor Kathryn Hess explained: “Algebraic topology is like a telescope and microscope at the same time. It can zoom into networks to find hidden structures, the trees in the forest, and see the empty spaces, the clearings, all at the same time.”

They found that the brain processes information by establishing multi-dimensional neurological structures known as cliques. The cliques form in minuscule spaces called cavities in the brain and have up to 11 different dimensions, and both the cliques and cavities disintegrate when the information has been processed. This is just what we find in how Now Moments form, and allows us to move forward in time.

Researcher professor Ran Lavi said: “The appearance of high-dimensional cavities when the brain is processing information means that the neurons in the network react to stimuli in an extremely organised manner. It is as if the brain reacts to a stimulus by building then razing a tower of multi-dimensional blocks, starting with rods (1D), then planks (2D), then cubes (3D), and then more complex geometries with 4D, 5D, etc. The progression of activity through the brain resembles a multi-dimensional sandcastle that materialises out of the sand and then disintegrates.”

Professor Henry Markram, director of the Blue Brain Project, added: “We found a world that we had never imagined. There are tens of millions of these objects even in a small speck of the brain, up through seven dimensions. In some networks, we even found structures with up to 11 dimensions.”

This research suggests that the brain is like a super neural computer, and that sometimes memories or conscious events may be stored outside the human body in the atomic structure around them while the body is incapacitated, and the cavities are unable to store data. The stored memories are then restored when the body wakes up and is able to function properly. In this way ‘out of body experiences’ of hospital patients can be accounted for.

This brings to mind the prospect of using quantum mechanics to explain the processes behind human consciousness as first suggested by the Hungarian theoretical physicist Eugene Paul Wigner (1902 – 1995). Eugene received half of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1963 for his contributions to the theory of the atomic nucleus and the elementary particles.

Eugene Wigner developed the idea that quantum mechanics has something to do with the workings of the mind. He proposed that the wave function collapses due to its interaction with consciousness. Freeman Dyson argued that the "mind, is manifested by the capacity to make choices, which is to some extent inherent in every electron."

This is an important attribute to how we see the world & the universe around us in a single Now Moment, as described in chapter 3.

This theory is termed “The quantum mind” or “quantum consciousness,” which is a group of theories that propose quantum mechanical phenomenon (such as quantum entanglement and superposition), may play an important part in the brain's function, and could form the basis of an explanation of consciousness. Professor Roger Penrose of Cambridge University (Professor Stephen Hawkins’s associate in the study of black holes) published a book on the subject in 1989 called: The Emperors’ New Mind.

The extra dimensions in M-Theory helps to explain more of the working of the universe down to the Planck scale, and from a layman’s point of view, shows just how complex the world around us is, and the universe as a whole.

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